Terminology

 

Count
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
ichioneee-chee
nitwonee
santhreesahn
shifourshee
gofivegoh
rokusixroh-koo
shichisevenshee-chee
hachieighthah-chee
ku or kyuninekoo or kyoo
jutenjoo

 

General Terms
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
ashifootah-shee
atamaheadah-tah-mah
baraisweepbah-rah-ee
bunkaitechnique applicationbuhn-kah-ee
chudanmiddle level of bodychoo-dahn
danblack belt rankdahn
dowaydoh
dojoschooldoh-joh
dojo kunschool principlesdoh-joh kuhn
embusenlines of a kataehn-boo-sehn
gedanlower level of bodygae-dahn
giuniformgee
hanmihalf front facinghahn-mee
hidarilefthee-dah-ri
hikitepulling handhee-kee-teh
hizakneehee-zah
jodanupper level of bodyjo-dahn
kaettepivotkah-eht-teh
kakatoheelkah-kah-toe
kamaefighting posturekah-mah-eh
karatekakarate practitionerkah-rah-teh-kah
kataformkah-tah
kiaivocal expulsion of airkee-ah-ee
kihonbasickee-hohn
kimefocus of techniquekee-meh
kohaijunior studentko-hai
koshiball of footko-shee
kumitesparringkoo-mee-teh
kyuwhite-brown belt rankkyoo
makiwarapunching boardmah-kee-wah-rah
migirightme-gee
naoterelaxnah-oh-teh
obibeltoh-bee
osu or ossgreeting or acknowledgmentoh-soo
otagaieach otheroh-tah-gah-ee
senpai or sempaisenior studentsen-pie or sem-pie
senseiinstructorsehn-seh-ee
shihanhead instructor of an organizationshee-hahn
shomenfrontshoh-mehn
tehandteh
udeforearmoo-deh
wazatechniquewha-zah
yokosideyoh-koh

 

General Commands
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
hajimebeginhah-jee-meh
kamaeteassume stancekah-mah-eh-teh
mawatteturn aroundmah-wah-teh
mokusomeditatemoh-koo-soh
reibowreh-ee
seizakneelsey-za
yamestopyah-meh
yasumeat easeyah-soo-meh
yoiget readyyoh-ee

 

Stances
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
dachistanceda-chee
fudo dachiimmovable stancefoo-doh dah-chee
gyaku hanmireverse half facegyah-koo hahn-mee
hangetsu or sanchin dachihourglass stancehan-geh-tsu or sah-chin dah-chee
heisoku dachiattention stancehay-soh-koo dah-chee
kame fighting stancekah-mah-eh
kiba dachihorse stancekee-bah dah-chee
kokutsu dachiback stanceko-ku-tsu dah-chee
kosa dachicrossed legged stancekoe-sah dah-chee
musubi dachiheels together, feet at 45°moo-soo-bee dah-chee
nekoashi dachicat stanceneh-koh-ah-shee-dah-chee
shizentainatural stanceshee-zehn-tah-ee
sochin dachirooted stanceso-chin dah-chee
zenkutsu dachifront stancezen-ku-tsu dah-chee

 

Strikes
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
age zukirising punchah-geh zoo-kee
choku zukistraight punchcho-ku-zoo-kee
empielbow strikeehm-pee
gyaku zukireverse punchgyah-koo zoo-kee
haitoridge-handhah-ee-toh
hittsuiknee strikehit-tsue-ee
ippon kenone knuckle fisteep-pohn kehn
kagi zukihook punchkah-gee zoo-kee
kizami zukifront hand punchkee-zamy zoo-kee
morote zukidouble hand punchmo-ro-tay zoo-kee
nagashi zukiflowing strikenah-gah-she zoo-kee
nukitespear handnoo-kee-teh
oi zukilunge punchoh-ee zoo-kee
san bon zukitriple punchsahn-bohn zoo-kee
shuto uchiknife-hand strikeshoo-toh oo-chee
tate zukivertical fistta-tay zoo-kee
teishopalm-heelteh-ee-shoh
tetsuihammer fistteh-tsoo-ee
urakenback fist strikeoo-rah-kehn
zukipunchzoo-kee

 

Kicks
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
fumikomistomping kickfoo-mee-koh-mee
gerikickgeh-ree
mae gerifront kickmah-eh-geh-ree
mawashi geriround house kickmah-wah-shee-geh-ree
mikazuki gericrescent kickmee-kah-zoo-kee-geh-ree
nidan geridouble front kicknee-dahn-geh-ree
renzoku geri continuous kicksrehn-zoh-koo-geh-ree
tobi geriflying side thrust kicktoh-bee-yoh-koh-geh-ree
ushiro gerirear kickoo-shee-roh-geh-ree
yokogeri keageside snap kickyoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-ah-geh
yokogeri kekomiside thrust kickyoh-koh-geh-ree-keh-koh-mee

 

Blocks
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
age ukerising blockah-gae oo-kay
gedan baraidownward blockgae-dahn bah-rah-ee
juji ukex-blockjoo-jee-oo-keh
kake wake ukereverse wedge blockkah-keh-wah-keh-oo-keh
morote ukeaugmented blockmoh-roh-the-oo-keh
shuto ukeknife hand blockshoo-toh oo-kay
soto ukeoutside blocksoh-toe oo-kay
teisho ukepalm heel blockteh-ee-shoh-oo-keh
tetsui ukehammer blockteh-tsoo-ee-oo-keh
uchi ude ukeinside blockoo-chee oo-day oo-kay
ukeblockoo-kay

 

Sparring
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
gohon kumitefive attack sparringgoh-hohn koo-mee-teh
ippon kumiteone attack sparringeep-pone koo-mee-teh
jiyu ippon kumitesemi free sparringjee-yoo eep-pone koo-mee-teh
jiyu kumitefree style sparringjee-yoo koo-mee-teh
sambon kumitethree attack sparringsahn-bohn koo-mee-teh
yakusoku kumite"promise” premeditated sparringyah-koo-soh-koo koo-mee-teh

 

Other Techniques
JapaneseEnglishPronunciation
ashi baraifoot sweepah-shee bah-rah-ee
suri ashisliding stepsoo-rhee ash-ee
tai sabakibody shiftingtah-ee sah-bah-kee
tate shutovertical knife handtah-teh shoo-toh
yori ashidragging stepyoh-rhee ash-ee